Missouri History
Flags Of The Rebellion
1861 - 1865

Missouri State Flag

While this modern Missouri flag never flew during the war of 1861-1865, it is shown here, so as to illustrate it's Confederate roots. The Missouri State Flag has been around for a long time, and has went through many revisions and changes of design. The pattern we see today is the result of all these changes of design, but the basic style has been somewhat the same all along. Missouri finally adopted this style as the official flag almost 60 years after the War Between The States on March 22, 1913. The flag consists of three horizontal stripes of red, white and blue. These represent valor, purity, vigilance and justice. In the center white stripe is the Missouri coat-of-arms, circled by a blue band containing 24 stars, denoting that Missouri was the 24th state. Yet, it is important to keep in mind that the modern Missouri flag was based on the CONFEDERATE Missouri State Guard Flag pictured below.

Missouri State Guard

The Missouri State Guard Flag was the adopted flag of a newly organized State Guard. Due to the Camp Jackson Massacre, which took place on May 10, 1861, Missouri needed defense from Federal occupational invaders. The Military Bill was passed by the Missouri State Legislature on May 11, 1861. The bill authorized Governor Claiborne Fox Jackson to disband the Missouri State Militia and reform it as the Missouri State Guard. The MSG was designed to protect Missouri from federal invasion and atrocities. The state was divided into nine Military Districts, each of which were to raise a Division of troops. Overall command of the Missouri State Guard was given to Missouri Confederate General Sterling Price.

Missouri Battle Flag

The Missouri Battle Flag is designed of a white Roman Cross, blue field, and deep red trim. More than 60,000 Confederate Missouri men served under this flag. Many prestigious units such as Pindall's 9th Battalion Of Missouri Sharpshooters saw extensive service under this flag.

4th Missouri Infantry Regimental Flag

The 4th Missouri Infantry Regimental Flag was carried by men who organized in Springfield, Missouri in 1862. This Confederate regiment left home to join up for service in Van Dorn's Army Of The West in Tennessee.

Quantrell Flag Made By Annie Fickle

This specimen has been a much debated enigma and caused profuse confusion caused by "Yankee" media throughout the years, as to the spelling of William C. Quantrill's name. This is due to the above pictured flag, made by a young Missouri girl. Well, the answer is quite simple and amazing. We owe this debt of solving the mystery to ex Missouri Partisan Ranger, Mr. George Shepherd. The legend and spelling of the name QUANTRELL came about by a 20 year old girl named Annie Fickle who lived in Lafayette County. In May of 1862, Annie's family home had been invaded by a company of Federals, and they arrested Annie when she was found to be in the company of a Partisan Ranger. Later, Annie had been rescued by Quantrill's Partisans, and she never forgot this. As a token of her appreciation, Annie made a battle flag for the Partisan Rangers. The flag was made of four layers of black, quilted alpaca, and was three by five feet. Running edgewise through the middle of the flag was the name QUANTRELL in dark red letters. As was common in this time, women such as Annie did not have much education. So she spelled the name on the flag as best she could. After completing the construction of this flag, Annie, in the dead of night, took the flag into Quantrill's camp, wrapped in a piece of plain paper. William C. Quantrill accepted it himself, and gave a deep and heartfelt thank you to Annie. Quantrill's men then gave 3 cheers, waving their hats, and giving full approvals, honors and recognition to this 20 year old Missouri girl who had risked her life to make this gift to Quantril and his men. The men attached the flag to an eight foot pole of oak, attached with 12 nails, and were quite proud of this flag! This flag was carried into many battles, such as Lawrence, Kansas, and was riddled with many bullets. Quantrill and his men took this flag into Kentucky in late 1864, where Captain Quantrill and his men were later ambushed by Edward Terrell and his cavalry detachment of hired assassins on May 10, 1865. Captain Quantrill later died from his wounds on June 6, 1865.

Beyond doubt, Annie Fickle's love of the Missouri Partisan men was truly heartfelt, and this flag was actually carried by captain Quantrill and his men out of the deep respect for the courage shown by this young Missouri girl. Erstwhile, this flag had spread fear and terror in the hearts and minds of the cowardly, illegally invading, criminal Yankee invaders. And, thus started the "Quantrell" spelling in the Yankee media.

But one can fully rest assured, the gallant Captain's name was QUANTRILL. With the explanation of Annie Fickle's flag verified, we can now explore further definitive physical evidence of the real spelling of William Quantrill's name.

Quantrill wrote often to his Mother, who lived in Canal Dover, Ohio. Many of these letters, and other signed ephemera still survive. The author of this publication has examined several of these authentic letters.

And in every one of his signatures, Captain Quantrill signs his name:

W.C. Quantrill

For More Information, See The Missouri Partisan Ranger Museum And Archives

Quantrill - Missouri Partisan Rangers

This is another style of Missouri Partisan Ranger Flag that was carried by Missouri men who rode under William C. Quantrill. These men rode hard and defended the innocent citizens of Missouri from the slaughter and carnage that had been committed by the Occupational Forces sent by Abraham Lincoln. Although many Northern histories consider the Partisan Ranger to be bushwhackers, they were only waging the type war that had already been committed against them and their families. Occupational troops from Kansas, Iowa, Illinois, Michigan and Wisconin raped, pillaged, burned and destroyed much of Western & West Central Missouri, and the Partisan Rangers were at times the only defense the people of Missouri had.

For More Information, See The Missouri Partisan Ranger Museum And Archives

ATM - Army Of Trans Mississippi
Department Battle Flag

While not entirely a Missouri flag, this flag was used in many Trans Mississippi battles, skirmishes, and actions by the Confederate Trans Mississippi Armies.

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