Original, untouched M1854 Austrian Lorenz. .54 caliber. Manufactured in 1859, as is indicated by the 859 on the lockplate. Typical, as the Lorenz only showed the last 3 digits in the year.
The wonderful thing about this musket is that it almost certainly saw Confederate usage, as this musket remains in .54 caliber bore. This was done so as to use the Confederate .54 Mississippi ammunition. As well, it retains it's original block rear sight.
Federal arsenals re-bored the Lorenz into standard .58 caliber to use Springfield ammunition. Federal aresenals also added long range, flip up, rear ladder sight.
Very extensively used by Confederate troops, mainly of the Western Theater. Buttstock has a "A" carved into it. If not a soldier's initial or company, it may stand for Arkansas, or Alabama. One can only guess.
This carbine would rate in about C9 condition. NRA grading of Very Good - Fine condition. Very strong and sound. English walnut wood in very beautiful condition. All matching proof marks.
All original and nice as they come. Befitting and worthy of the most discerning collections or museums.